15 Signs and Symptoms of Dementia: What to Look Out For

As we age, it’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of dementia. However, since dementia can present differently in each individual, it can be challenging to recognize the early warning signs. Do you know what to look out for?

Dementia is a progressive condition that affects cognitive function, memory, and behavior. It can have a profound impact on a person’s daily life and their ability to function independently. Recognizing the signs and symptoms early on can help with early detection and intervention.

If you have a loved one who may be showing signs of dementia, it’s crucial to be educated on what to look out for. In this article, we will outline 15 common signs and symptoms of dementia to help you better understand the condition and seek appropriate support and care.

1. Difficulty Doing Familiar Tasks

One of the early signs of dementia is difficulty performing tasks that were once familiar and routine. This can include forgetting how to do everyday tasks like cooking a meal, paying bills, or getting dressed.

2. Memory Loss

Memory loss is a hallmark symptom of dementia. While occasional forgetfulness is normal as we age, persistent memory loss that disrupts daily life could be a sign of dementia. This can include forgetting important dates, events, or conversations.

3. Confusion

People with dementia often experience confusion, especially in unfamiliar surroundings or situations. They may have trouble understanding what time it is, where they are, or who they are with.

4. Difficulty Communicating

Communication problems can also be a sign of dementia. This can manifest as difficulty finding the right words, repeating oneself frequently, or struggling to follow or participate in conversations.

5. Changes in Mood and Behavior

Dementia can cause significant changes in mood and behavior. This can include increased irritability, agitation, anxiety, depression, or apathy. These changes may be noticeable to family members or close friends.

6. Difficulty Planning and Organizing

As dementia progresses, individuals may have trouble planning and organizing tasks. This can lead to difficulty managing finances, keeping track of appointments, or following through with plans.

7. Getting Lost

People with dementia may have trouble navigating familiar places and may get lost easily, even in their own neighborhood. This can be a dangerous symptom that requires immediate attention.

8. Repetitive Behaviors

Repeating the same actions or questions over and over again can be a common symptom of dementia.

9. Changes in Personal Hygiene

Individuals with dementia may neglect their personal hygiene, such as bathing, grooming, or changing clothes regularly. This can be a result of memory loss or a decline in self-care abilities.

10. Difficulty Recognizing Familiar Faces

Another sign of dementia is difficulty recognizing familiar faces, including those of family members or close friends. This can be distressing for both the individual with dementia and their loved ones.

11. Trouble with Decision-Making

Dementia can impact a person’s ability to make decisions, especially complex or multi-step tasks. They may struggle with problem-solving or making sound judgments.

12. Changes in Appetite

Changes in appetite, such as eating significantly more or less than usual, can be a sign of dementia. This may be due to changes in taste perception, forgetting to eat, or difficulty with meal preparation.

13. Sleep Disturbances

People with dementia may experience changes in their sleep patterns, such as insomnia or daytime drowsiness. Disrupted sleep can worsen cognitive function and contribute to mood disturbances.

14. Wandering

Wandering behavior is common in individuals with dementia and can be dangerous if they become disoriented and wander away from home or get lost. It’s important to take precautions to ensure their safety.

15. Decline in Social Skills

Dementia can also lead to a decline in social skills, such as difficulty engaging in conversations, withdrawing from social activities, or becoming more isolated. This can impact relationships with family and friends.

Discover a Continuum of Care at Oasis Dementia Care

At Oasis Dementia Care, our mission is to provide the highest level of care for our neighbors and also to assist Tristate families that are dealing with dementia. We strive to get to know you and we care about providing the best care possible. If you’re interested in learning more about the community at Oasis Dementia Care, please contact us.


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